Shipping lanes, railways and logistics
The chemical industry imports most of its raw materials to Finland, processes the product, and sells it back abroad. Logistics is a prerequisite and a cost that affects the location of production, but effective transport connections can also be an asset. The transport networks in Finland and those leading to Finland must be well maintained.
The chemical industry transports its raw materials and products by sea, rail, road and air. Logistics investments should be made in order to improve transport links and competitiveness. Over 80% of Finnish foreign trade is transported by sea. The Baltic Sea projects in particular should be part of the development of the EU’s transport infrastructure.
- Making the shipping lane leading to Kokkola harbour 14 metres in draught
- The electrification of the railway between Turku and Uusikaupunki
- Improving the roads to the level required by large industrial transportation
The current draught of the shipping lane in Kokkola means large ships are forced to sail with part-loads
Goods traffic in Kokkola harbour has more than doubled since the early 2000s, now reaching nearly 7 million tonnes, which is slightly more than five times the capacity of the upcoming bio-product factory in Äänekoski. The biggest centre of the inorganic chemical industry in the Nordic countries is situated in Kokkola. Each year, the harbour welcomes approximately 600 ships, over 50 of which are Panamax and capesize ships. The deepening project of the shipping lane is important for both local industry and Russian transition transportation.
The electrification of the railway between Turku and Uusikaupunki would also increase security
Basic improvements to the railway network along industrial transport routes are essential. The railway link between Turku and Uusikaupunki has yet to be electrified, which means that shipments have to be stopped, containers have to be stored temporarily for a short time, and locomotives have to be changed at the rail yard in Turku. The electrification of the railway section would make industrial shipments far swifter and more effective, and would also increase safety in central Turku.